What type of dash do you use for attribution?
Em dash used for quote attribution When listing the author of a quote, you’ll sometimes see an em dash before the author’s name, like this: Live long and prosper.
What are em dashes used for?
Em dashes can be used in pairs to mark off additional information that is not essential to understand the sentence. Here they function similarly to parentheses or a pair of commas. An em dash is usually written without spaces on either side, although some style guides do recommend using spaces.
Can an em dash be used before a list?
Use an Em Dash to Bring Focus to a List. When a sentence begins with an independent clause and ends with a list, you can use a colon between the clause and the list. When the list comes first, it’s better to use a dash to connect the list to the clause.
What does a dash mean in a quote?
Use a dash to set off an interruption that is closely relevant to the sentence but not grammatically part of it, such as a list, illustration, restatement, summary, shift in thought or tone, or dramatic point.
How do you write an attribution?
The following general rules can help you properly attribute quotes to use within your own writing:
- Determine the level of attribution necessary for your source.
- Keep direct quotations word for word.
- Be mindful of citation styles.
- Use the proper format.
- Supply a works cited page.
- Undisputed facts don’t need attribution.
How do you write an attribution statement?
The statement is clear, simple and contains all elements required for a complete attribution: title of the image, photographer, and license type, as well as a note of the changes made. A link is provided to the original work, the home page of the photographer (if available), and the license type.
How do you use em dash in a sentence?
The em dash can be used in place of a colon when you want to emphasize the conclusion of your sentence. The dash is less formal than the colon. After months of deliberation, the jurors reached a unanimous verdict—guilty. The white sand, the warm water, the sparkling sun—this is what brought them to Fiji.
What is the difference between a dash and an em dash?
The em dash (about as wide as an uppercase M), is a relatively artistic punctuation mark, compared to the more technical hyphen and en dash. An em dash is most often used to indicate a pause in a sentence. It’s stronger than a comma, but weaker than a period or semicolon.
Can an em dash start a sentence?
Use em dashes to set off parenthetical statements, amplify a thought, begin a sentence with a list or a single noun and then provide an explanatory statement, or to mark asides, interruptions, and sudden turns in thought.
Is it formal to use em dash?
Using the em dash (or a pair of em dashes) to replace other marks is not always appropriate. In formal writing, avoid using dashes unless they are really necessary. The em dash is more dramatic than traditional punctuation but also more informal.
How do you use an em dash in a quote?
Finally, em dashes only go inside quotation marks for dialogue, to show that the speaker is abruptly cut off. “No, no, that’s not what I meant.” “No, no, that’s not what I meant.” However, if you have dialogue interrupted with a dialogue beat, you can show that with the em dashes outside the quotation in pairs.
Can you use a dash before a quote?
Whether you want the dash inside or outside quotation marks when there is an interruption is really a matter of personal preference. When the quote is interrupted, you might decide to put the dash inside. If your thinking is that the dash is not part of the original quote, then put the dash outside the quotes.
What are Attributional statements?
11 Attribution Statement This means that you must include a statement that gives credit to, or attributes, the creator of the work from which you have borrowed, whether it’s text, an image, a video, or other item. If you have made a change, indicate that in your attribution statement.
What is an initial attribution statement?
This means that you must include a statement that gives credit to, or attributes, the creator of the work from whom you have borrowed, whether it’s text, an image, a video, or other item. If you have altered the work in any way, indicate that in your attribution statement.
How do you write an em dash in writing?
- Em dash (—): Shift-Alt-hyphen or Command + M.
- En dash (–): Alt-hyphen.
How do I format an em dash?
In any software program that handles text, the em dash can be typed on an enhanced keyboard as Alt + 0151—that is, hold down the “alternate” key and, using the numerical pad on the right side of the keyboard, type the numbers 0151. The en dash can be typed as Alt + 0150.
How do you use an em dash example?
Is using em dash informal?
The em dash is not informal. You can find plenty of examples in formal writing. Where you won’t find it is in informal writing! The teacher is just criticizing your using it in a place where you could either split your sentence into two or use a different type of subordinating construction.
What is an em dash in writing?
Em dashes can also signal an interruption or a sudden change in the direction a writer was heading with a particular sentence. This technique is best suited for creative or informal writing. If you use it in academic writing, you might look unsure of yourself.
Is the em dash the Bad Boy of punctuation?
Noting that people have proclaimed their love of this punctuation mark with em dash tattoos, the New York Times called it “the bad boy, or cool girl, of punctuation. A freewheeling scofflaw. A rebel without a clause.”
Do you put a space before or after an em dash?
Most newspapers insert a space before and after the dash, and many popular magazines do the same, but most books and journals omit spacing, closing whatever comes before and after the em dash right up next to it. This website prefers the latter, its style requiring the closely held em dash in running text.
What happens if you put an em dash instead of a comma?
If an em dash appears at a point where a comma could also appear, the comma is omitted. Within its first year, Mabel and Harry had sampled all of the bakery’s offerings—all 62 items—and had also decided that the exercise was worth repeating.