How would you describe shortness of breath in history?

How would you describe shortness of breath in history?

“How would you describe the shortness of breath?” (e.g. “tight chest”, “can’t take a deep breath”) “Is the shortness of breath constant or does it come and go?”

How do you assess a patient with shortness of breath?

Initial Assessment of Patients with Dyspnea Assess airway patency and listen to the lungs. Observe breathing pattern, including use of accessory muscles. Monitor cardiac rhythm. Measure vital signs and pulse oximetry.

What should be included in history of present illness?

It should include some or all of the following elements:

  1. Location: What is the location of the pain?
  2. Quality: Include a description of the quality of the symptom (i.e. sharp pain)
  3. Severity: Degree of pain for example can be described on a scale of 1 – 10.
  4. Duration: How long have you had the pain.

What questions do you ask a shortness of breath?

Ask these questions at triage

  • How long have you been short of breath?
  • Do you have heart or lung problems?
  • Have you been in the hospital before for this?
  • What medications do you take?
  • Does the shortness of breath get worse when you do any physical activity?

What can cause shortness of breath?

What Causes Shortness of Breath?

  • Carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • Heart attack.
  • Low blood pressure.
  • Asthma flare-up.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lungs)
  • Emotional distress or a panic attack.

What should be included in a respiratory assessment?


  • Check the rate of respiration.
  • Look for abnormalities in the shape of the patient’s chest.
  • Ask about shortness of breath and watch for signs of labored breathing.
  • Check the patient’s pulse and blood pressure.
  • Assess oxygen saturation. If it is below 90 percent, the patient likely needs oxygen.

What four assessments should you make when assessing respirations?

“A thorough respiratory assessment involves checking the respiratory rate, the symmetry, depth and sound (auscultation) of breathing, observes for accessory muscle use and tracheal deviation,” says Ms Stokes-Parish.

What questions do you ask a patient?

5 Critical Questions to Ask Every Patient

  • What Are Your Medical and Surgical Histories?
  • What Prescription and Non-Prescription Medications Do You Take?
  • What Allergies Do You Have?
  • What Is Your Smoking, Alcohol, and Illicit Drug Use History?
  • Have You Served in the Armed Forces?

How do you check my breathing is normal?

One complete breath comprises one inhalation when the chest rises, followed by one exhalation when the chest falls. To measure the respiratory rate, count the number of breaths for an entire minute or count for 30 seconds and multiply that number by two.

How do you evaluate respiratory system?

Observe the patient for important respiratory clues:

  1. Check the rate of respiration.
  2. Look for abnormalities in the shape of the patient’s chest.
  3. Ask about shortness of breath and watch for signs of labored breathing.
  4. Check the patient’s pulse and blood pressure.
  5. Assess oxygen saturation.

How do you check respiratory system?

The four steps of the respiratory exam are inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation of respiratory sounds, normally first carried out from the back of the chest.

When is shortness of breath a concern?

Seek emergency medical care if your shortness of breath is accompanied by chest pain, fainting, nausea, a bluish tinge to lips or nails, or a change in mental alertness — as these may be signs of a heart attack or pulmonary embolism.

Which step should be performed first in a respiratory assessment?

Visual Inspection – is the first step of the examination. This is a very important part of the exam, since many abnormalities can be detected by merely inspecting the thorax as the patient is breathing. Palpation – is the first step of the assessment, where we will touch the patient.

What are the 8 elements of an HPI?

CPT guidelines recognize the following eight components of the HPI:

  • Location. What is the site of the problem?
  • Quality. What is the nature of the pain?
  • Severity.
  • Duration.
  • Timing.
  • Context.
  • Modifying factors.
  • Associated signs and symptoms.

What should I look for in a respiratory history?

When taking a respiratory history it’s essential that you identify risk factors for respiratory disease as you work through the patient’s history (e.g. past medical history, family history, social history). Family history of respiratory disease (e.g. cystic fibrosis, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency)

How do you assess the severity of shortness of breath?

If the symptom is shortness of breath, the severity can be bluntly assessed by assessing if the patient is able to speak in full sentences without having to take a breath.

What are some good questions to ask someone with shortness of breath?

If they are uncertain about the start of the shortness of breath, a good question is: “When were you last well?” Wheeze or stridor? Cough: productive or dry, colour of sputum, change in colour of sputum?

What are the causes of shortness of breath in adults?

Causes. Most cases of shortness of breath are due to heart or lung conditions. Your heart and lungs are involved in transporting oxygen to your tissues and removing carbon dioxide, and problems with either of these processes affect your breathing. A number of other health conditions also can make it hard to get enough air.