How do you respect First Nations?
9 tips for doing business with First Nations
- Practice Consistent Open Communication.
- Practice Respectful Communication.
- Don’t always rely on written documents sent in the mail or electronically.
- Have realistic expectations.
- Don’t use top-down approaches.
- Promise less, deliver more.
- Long term planning means LONG TERM.
- Decision making.
What did the treaties promise?
In exchange for their traditional territory, government negotiators made various promises to First Nations — both orally and in the written texts of the treaties — including special rights to treaty lands and the distribution of cash payments, hunting and fishing tools, farming supplies, and the like.
What was promised in Treaty 6?
In exchange for Indigenous title to their land (see Indigenous Territory), Treaty 6 provided: an annual cash payment of $25 per chief; $15 per headman and $5 for all other band members; a one-time cash payment of $12 for each band member; and reserve lands in the amount of one mile 2 (about 2.5 km 2) per family of five …
What does unceded territory mean?
Unceded means that First Nations people never ceded or legally signed away their lands to the Crown or to Canada. A traditional territory is the geographic area identified by a First Nation as the land they and/or their ancestors traditionally occupied and used.
What did Treaty 9 promise?
The preamble to the treaty stated its purpose. It was to open the Northern Ontario lands “for settlement, immigration, trade, travel, mining, lumbering and other such purposes.” The Indigenous signatories were required to “cede, release, surrender and yield up…
How many Indian treaties were broken?
From 1778 to 1871, the United States government entered into more than 500 treaties with the Native American tribes; all of these treaties have since been violated in some way or outright broken by the US government, Native Americans and First Nations peoples are still fighting for their treaty rights in federal courts …
What was promised in Treaty 2?
Treaty Number 2 Known as the “Outside Promises”, these items included farming supplies and animals for agricultural development. The matter of the Outside Promises would be resolved by Order in Council in 1875, whereby the various promises stated in a memorandum dated 3 August 1873 were made part of the treaty.
How do you acknowledge an unceded territory?
— Acknowledgement provided by Office of Aboriginal Affairs, Memorial University. 1/ I [we] would like to respectfully acknowledge that the land on which we gather is in traditional unceded Mi’kmaw territory.
Is Halifax unceded territory?
They focus solely on the terms “Peace” and “Friendship” in the Treaties. They argue that the Mi’kmaq did not surrender and that, in fact, Nova Scotia is “unceded Mi’kmaw territory”.
Do First Nations believe in God?
Even after the residential schools era, a majority of aboriginal people still identify as Christian, fusing religion with their own beliefs and traditions.
What did Treaty 3 promise?
Grand Council Treaty #3 was planned to be the first post-Confederation treaty, but the Anishinaabe held firm that they would not cede lands, nor allow farming or settlement, in their territory. On October 3, 1873, the 55,000 square miles of territory agreed to be shared between the Anishinaabe and the British.
What are First Nations beliefs?
Spiritual Beliefs All First Nations believed that their values and traditions were gifts from the Creator. One of the most important and most common teachings was that people should live in harmony with the natural world and all it contained.
What was the outcome of Chief Sweetgrass signing Treaty 6?
Treaty 6. Treaty 6 was the biggest piece of legislation between Plains Cree Leaders and the colonial government. Signed in 1876, Treaty 6 was the agreement between the government of Canada and the Indigenous people living in parts of modern-day Saskatchewan and Alberta.
Where is Treaty 7 territory?
The Treaties covered the area between the Lake of the Woods (northern Ontario, southern Manitoba) to the Rocky Mountains (northeastern British Columbia and interior Plains of Alberta) to the Beaufort Sea (north of Yukon and the Northwest Territories).
Is First Nations the correct term?
‘Indigenous peoples’ is a collective name for the original peoples of North America and their descendants. Often, ‘Aboriginal peoples’ is also used. The Canadian Constitution recognizes three groups of Aboriginal peoples: Indians (more commonly referred to as First Nations), Inuit and Métis.
Why are the treaties still significant today Canada?
Canada has embarked on a journey of reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples. It is a necessary journey to address a long history of colonialism and the scars it has left. Treaties provide a framework for living together and sharing the land Indigenous peoples traditionally occupied.
How is Treaty 7 important today?
Treaty 7 lands (courtesy Victor Temprano/Native-Land.ca). The written treaty ceded roughly 130,000 km² of land from the Rocky Mountains to the west, the Cypress Hills to the east, the Red Deer River to the north, and the US border to the south. All nations kept the rights to use the land for hunting.
What did Treaty 1 promises?
In the written text of the treaty, the Anishinabe agreed to “cede, release, surrender and yield up to Her Majesty the Queen, and Her successors forever” a large tract of very valuable land to the west and north of Manitoba as it existed in 1871, and three times as large as the province.
What is treaty territory?
The land encompassed by Treaty 1 includes Winnipeg, Brandon, Portage La Prairie, Selkirk, Steinbach, Grand Beach, Emerson, Winkler and many more. According to Dr. Laramee, if you’re living on or visiting treaty land you should be familiar with the treaty that encompasses it. That goes for everyone – Indigenous or not.
What did Treaty 4 promise?
In addition, the treaty provided for farming tools, ammunition, reserves and schools. It also guaranteed Indigenous rights to hunt, fish and trap on all ceded land, except for that land which was to be used for agriculture, forestry, mining or settlement.
Why are First Nations important?
Indigenous Peoples need to celebrate their history because doing so helps to stop the loss and grow their cultures. Celebrating their history invigorates pride in being Indigenous. In their existence. In the preservation of their cultures, protocols, spirituality, traditions, and languages.
Why is the treaty important today?
The Treaty now means there must be respect between Māori and non-Māori. It is important that the laws and rules today consider and respect both Māori and non-Māori ways of living. It is important that Māori and non-Māori who live near each other are considerate of each other and respect each other’s differences.
What did Treaty 8 promise?
The elements of Treaty 8 included provisions to maintain livelihood for the native populations in this 840,000 km2 (320,000 sq mi) region, such as entitlements to land, ongoing financial support, annual shipments of hunting supplies, and hunting rights on ceded lands, unless those ceded lands were used for forestry.
What was promised in Treaty 5?
Under Treaty Five, each family of five received 160 acres, subject to the government’s right to sell or lease reserve lands (with the Indians’ consent) and to appropriate reserve lands for government purposes (subject to compensation). The government promised to control the liquor traffic.