Why was Yasser Arafat important?
Yasser Arafat is elected president of the Palestinian National Council with 88.1 percent of the popular vote, becoming the first democratically elected leader of the Palestinian people in history.
When did Palestine declare independence?
November 15, 1988
On November 15, 1988, the Palestinian National Council, the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), met in Algeria to adopt a declaration of independence and proclaimed an independent State of Palestine in East Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
When did Arafat come to power?
It also set elections for a president and council of the Palestinian Authority, which would govern the Palestinian population in the occupied territories, and on January 20, 1996, Arafat was elected president of the PA.
How did Palestine get its independence?
In May 1948, less than a year after the Partition Plan for Palestine was introduced, Britain withdrew from Palestine and Israel declared itself an independent state, implying a willingness to implement the Partition Plan.
WHO declared Palestine independence?
The Palestinian Declaration of Independence formally established the State of Palestine, and was written by Palestinian poet Mahmoud Darwish and proclaimed by Yasser Arafat on 15 November 1988 (5 Rabiʽ al-Thani 1409) in Algiers, Algeria.
What is the history of the Palestinian Liberation Organization?
The Palestinian National Council convened in Jerusalem on 28 May 1964. After concluding the meeting, PLO was founded on 2 June 1964. Its stated goal was the “liberation of Palestine ” through armed struggle.
What was the Popular Front for the liberation of Palestine (PLO)?
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, the second-largest PLO faction after al-Fatah, carried out a number of attacks and plane hijackings mostly directed at Israel, most infamously the Dawson’s Field hijackings, which precipitated the Black September crisis.
Can the Palestine Liberation Organization prosecute Israel for crimes against Palestinians?
Retrieved 10 September 2018. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has determined that the Palestinians ran afoul of an obscure provision in a US law that says the Palestine Liberation Organization’s mission must close if the Palestinians try to get the International Criminal Court to prosecute Israelis for crimes against Palestinians.
What happened to the Palestinians in 1948?
In 1948, Israel became an independent state, which resulted in more than 750,000 Palestinians fleeing their homeland. The subsequent 1948 war set the stage for years of tension and violence between Arabs and Israelis. Around this time, Palestinians were spread out among several countries, lacked formal leadership and weren’t well organized.