Who are the Hasmoneans in the Bible?
The Hasmoneans were a dynasty of Jewish kings that fought to liberate Judea from Seleucid rule and created an independent state. The family’s name was apparently derived from an unknown ancestor named Ḥashmonay (Gk. Ἀσαµωναῖος; Josephus, J. W. 1.36; Ant. 11.111; 20.190, 238; Life 1.4).
Are the Hasmoneans and the Maccabees the same?
Hasmonean dynasty, also spelled Hasmonaean, dynasty of ancient Judaea, descendants of the Maccabee family. The name derived (according to Flavius Josephus, in The Antiquities of the Jews) from the name of their ancestor Hasmoneus (Hasmon), or Asamonaios.
What is the meaning of Hasmoneans?
/ ˌhæz məˈni ən / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun. a member of a priestly family of Jewish rulers and leaders in Judea in the 1st and 2nd centuries b.c.
What happened to the Hasmoneans?
The Hasmonean dynasty had survived for 103 years before yielding to the Herodian dynasty in 37 BCE. The installation of Herod the Great (an Idumean) as king in 37 BCE made Judea a Roman client state and marked the end of the Hasmonean dynasty.
What is the Hasmonean rule?
The Hasmonean dynasty (/ˌhæzməˈniːən/ (audio); Hebrew: חַשְׁמוֹנָאִים Ḥašmōnaʾīm) was a ruling dynasty of Judea and surrounding regions during classical antiquity, from c. 140 BCE to 37 BCE.
What was Hasmonean rule?
How long did the Maccabees last?
The main phase of the revolt lasted from 167–160 BCE and ended with the Seleucids in control of Judea, but conflict between the Maccabees, Hellenized Jews, and the Seleucids continued until 134 BCE, with the Maccabees eventually attaining independence.
What is meant by Hasmonean?
[ haz-muh-nee-uhn ] SHOW IPA. / ˌhæz məˈni ən / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun. a member of a priestly family of Jewish rulers and leaders in Judea in the 1st and 2nd centuries b.c.
What is autonomy?
English Language Learners Definition of autonomy : the state of existing or acting separately from others : the power or right of a country, group, etc., to govern itself : the quality or state of being self-governing especially : the right of self-government
What is autonomy according to Emmanuel Lévinas?
The emphasis on autonomy within this strain of philosophy was criticized by Emmanuel Lévinas, who sees autonomy as part of our selfish and close-minded desire to strive toward our own fulfillment and self-gratification rather than being open to the disruptive call of the other’s needs (Lévinas 1969).
What is the meaning of Autonomies?
plural autonomies. 1. : the quality or state of being self-governing; especially. : the right of self-government. The territory was granted autonomy.
What is moral autonomy and personal autonomy?
Moral autonomy, usually traced back to Kant, is the capacity to deliberate and to give oneself the moral law, rather than merely heeding the injunctions of others. Personal autonomy is the capacity to decide for oneself and pursue a course of action in one’s life, often regardless of any particular moral content.