Who are Awadhiyas?
Awadhiya – Awadhiya is a surname which is used by some Kurmis in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh who are from Awadhiya sub caste of Kurmi Caste. Singh – Singh is Popular surname in India and is used by multiple communities like Sikhs, Rajputs etc. Lot of Kurmis from Bihar, Jharkhand also use the Singh surname.
What is Kurmi caste in UP?
Kurmi is traditionally a non-elite tiller caste in the lower Gangetic plain of India, especially southern regions of Awadh, eastern Uttar Pradesh and parts of Bihar.
Is Kurmi a Shudra?
The majority of Indians are shudra because the grouping includes all our great peasant castes (Yadav, Jat, Patel, Patil, Gowda, Reddy, Kurmi and the lot). And it is the shudra who comprises entirely the Mandal category of Other Backward Classes (OBCs).
Is Kurmi caste Kshatriya?
Kurmi is a Vedic Kshatriya caste made for those Kshatriyas that has opted agriculture or farming as their occupation. Kurmi is derived from the word ‘Kunabi’ which means farmers and Kurmi in Sanskrit means ‘the ability to do’.
Who were the Kurmi?
The Kurmi were famed as market gardeners. In western and northern Awadh, for example, for much of the eighteenth century, the Muslim gentry offered the Kurmi highly discounted rental rates for clearing the jungle and cultivating it.
Who were the Hindu Kurmis of Jaunpur?
The Hindu Kurmis of Chunar and Jaunpur, for instance, took up the Muslim custom of marrying first cousins and of burying their dead. In some regions, the Kurmis’ success as tillers led to land ownership, and to avowals of high status, as noted, for examples, by Francis Buchanan in the early 19th century among the Ayodhya Kurmis of the Awadh.
What are the features of Kurmi-kshatriya movement?
A noteworthy attribute of the resulting Kurmi-kshatriya movement was the leadership provided by educated Kurmis who were now filling the lower and middle levels of government jobs. According to William Pinch: