What is silymarin extract?

What is silymarin extract?

Silymarin is an antioxidant compound taken from milk thistle seeds. It’s unclear what benefits, if any, it may have in the body, but it’s sometimes used as a natural treatment for things including cirrhosis, jaundice, hepatitis, and gallbladder disorders.

What is silybin used for?

Silybin acts as an antioxidant because it inhibits radical formation, binds some radical species (scavenger), interferes with lipid peroxidation of membranes (and therefore modulates membrane permeability), and increases the intracellular content of scavengers[65].

What is the difference between silymarin and silibinin?

Silibinin (INN), also known as silybin (both from Silybum, the generic name of the plant from which it is extracted), is the major active constituent of silymarin, a standardized extract of the milk thistle seeds, containing a mixture of flavonolignans consisting of silibinin, isosilibinin, silychristin, silidianin.

What is the difference between milk thistle and silymarin?

Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves. One of the active ingredients in milk thistle called silymarin is extracted from the plant’s seeds. Silymarin is believed to have antioxidant properties. Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet and liquid extract.

Is silybin milk thistle?

The terms milk thistle, flavonoids, silymarin, and silybin are generally used interchangeably; however, each of these compounds has specific characteristics and actions, with an intrinsic beneficial or toxic effect.

Is silybin good for your liver?

Medical research on milk thistle and liver health has led to mixed results. Studies show that silymarin may help ease inflammation and promote cell repair. This may help ease symptoms from liver diseases like jaundice, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and fatty liver disease.

Is milk thistle the same as silybin?

What is silybin milk thistle?

Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a perennial herb believed to have medicinal properties. The seeds contain silymarin, a group of compounds said to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.

What form of milk thistle is best?

The Best Milk Thistle Supplements

  • Best Overall. Puritan’s Pride Milk Thistle. Affordable Six Month Supply.
  • Best Antioxidant Formula. Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle.
  • Strongest Dose. Fresh Nutrition Milk Thistle Capsules.
  • Best for Liver Health. FarmHaven Milk Thistle Capsules.
  • Most Trusted. Nature’s Bounty Milk Thistle Capsules.

What is the best form of milk thistle to take?

Is Silybin good for your liver?

What foods contain silybin?

Vegetables That Contain Silymarin

  • Milk Thistle. Milk thistle (Silybum Marianum) is the major source of silymarin.
  • Artichokes. The most common food source of silymarin (besides milk thistle) is artichokes (Cynara Scolymus) which is also a member of the thistle family.
  • Silymarin from Spices.
  • Other Sources.

What is best brand of silymarin?

1. Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle. Our Editorial staff has unanimously voted Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle as the best milk thistle supplement brand for the following reasons: Standardized 80% silymarin yield.

Is it OK to take milk thistle everyday?

Milk thistle is generally considered safe for most people at dosages up to 420 mg 3 times a day. However, it may cause allergic reactions, such as itching, headaches, and joint pain, or gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea or diarrhea.

What is the difference between silybin and silymarin?

Silymarin is composed of 6 compounds and Silybin is the one identified in bestowing its health benefits. Its important to note that the comparative bioavailability of silybin over milk thistle is higher. Most studies show the absorption between the two is approximately 10:1.

What is the mechanism of action of silymarin?

Silymarin or silybin are particularly effective in inhibiting EGFR signaling with suppression of cyclin-dependent kinase expression (i.e. CDK4) and up regulation of CDK inhibitors (CDKIs). These effects lead to G1 and G2-M arrest in cancer cells[112-119], as recently confirmed in a model of human colon cancer[120,121].

What is the role of silymarin and silybin in fatty liver disease?

Furthermore, silymarin/silybin use has important biological effects in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. These substances antagonize the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, by intervening in various therapeutic targets: oxidative stress, insulin resistance, liver fat accumulation and mitochondrial dysfunction.

What is the molecular weight of silybin?

Silybin, which is also called flavobin, silliver, silybine, silymarin I, silybina, and silybine, has a molecular formula of C25H22O10and a molecular weight of 482.441, CAS No. 22888-70-6 (data obtained from the pubchem website). The silybin structure consists in two main units.