What is Anekantavada?
anekantavada, (Sanskrit: “non-one-sidedness” or “many-sidedness”) in Jainism, the ontological assumption that any entity is at once enduring but also undergoing change that is both constant and inevitable.
What is syādvāda and Anekantavada?
Difference between Anekantavada and Syadvada The basic difference between them is that Anekantavada is the knowledge of all differing but opposite attributes whereas Syadvada is a process of the relative description of a particular attribute of an object or an event.
Who established the philosophy of Syadwad?
Māhavīra encouraged his followers to study and understand the rival traditions as evidenced in Acaranga Sutra: “Comprehend one philosophical view through the comprehensive study of another one” (5.113).
What is the nature of Anekantavada doctrine?
The Jain doctrine of anekāntavāda, also known as anekāntatva, states that truth and reality is complex and always has multiple aspects. Reality can be experienced, but it is not possible to totally express it with language. Human attempts to communicate is naya, or “partial expression of the truth”.
What is the difference between Sthanakvasi and Terapanthi?
The dress of Terapanthi monks and nuns is akin to that of Sthanakvasi monks and nuns. But there is a difference in the length of muhapatti, i.e., a piece of white cloth kept always on the mouth. The Terapanthis believe that idolatry does not provide deliverance and attach importance to the practice of meditation.
How many types of Naya are there?
Naya is classified into two kinds; and it is of seven types. It means understanding the inner nature of an object; not depending upon exceptions. Vyavahar Naya is understanding the external nature or form of an object. making use of exceptions.
Who gave the theory of Anekantavada?
Anekāntavāda is a fundamental doctrine of Jainism. The origins of anekāntavāda can be traced back to the teachings of Mahāvīra (599–527 BCE), the 24th Jain Tīrthankara.
What is Sthanakvasi in Jainism?
Sthanakavasi, (Sanskrit: “meetinghouse-dweller”) a modern subsect of the Shvetambara (“White-robed”) sect of Jainism, a religion of India. The group is also sometimes called the Dhundhia (Sanskrit: “searchers”).
What is the meaning of Sthanakvasi?
Definition of Sthanakvasi : a member of a Jain sect originating in 1473 that rejects the use of all images and idols.
What does Anekantavada teach us about truth?
Anekāntavāda (Devanagari: अनेकान्तवाद), meaning “non-absolutism,” is one of the basic principles of Jainism that encourages acceptance of relativism and pluralism. According to this doctrine, truth and reality are perceived differently from different points of view, and no single point of view is the complete truth.
What is Sthanakvasi and Deravasi?
Sthānakavāsī is a sect of Śvētāmbara Jainism. It believes that idol worship is not essential in the path of soul purification and attainment of Nirvana/Moksha. Sthanakavasi accept thirty-two of the Jain Agamas, the Svetambara canon.
Does Jainism believe in God Upsc?
What are the basic beliefs of Jainism? Jainism is a religion of self-help. There are no gods or spiritual beings that will help human beings. The three guiding principles of Jainism, the ‘three jewels’, are right belief, right knowledge and right conduct.
What is anekāntavāda and why is it important?
According to John Koller, professor of Asian studies, anekāntavāda allowed Jain thinkers to maintain the validity of their doctrine, while at the same time respectfully criticizing the views of their opponents.
What is the meaning of the Sanskrit word’anekantavada’?
The word anekāntavāda is a compound of two Sanskrit words: anekānta and vāda. The word anekānta itself is composed of three root words, “an” (not), “eka” (one) and “anta” (end, side), together it connotes “not one ended, sided”, “many-sidedness”, or “manifoldness”.
What is the Anekantavada doctrine?
The anekantavada overlaps with two major theories found in Hindu and Buddhist thought, according to James Lochtefeld. The Anekantavada doctrine is satkaryavada in explaining causes, and the asatkaryavada in explaining qualities or attributes in the effects.
Is Anekantavada a religious basis for ahimsa?
According to Sabine Scholz, the application of the Anekantavada as a religious basis for “intellectual Ahimsa” is a modern era reinterpretation, one attributed to the writings of A.B. Dhruva in 1933. This view states that Anekantavada is an expression of “religious tolerance of other opinions and harmony”.