## What does KMO value indicate?

In general, KMO values between 0.8 and 1 indicate the sampling is adequate. KMO values less than 0.6 indicate the sampling is not adequate and that remedial action should be taken. In contrast, others set this cutoff value at 0.5.

## What does KMO and Bartlett’s test mean?

KMO and Bartlett’s test. This table shows two tests that indicate the suitability of your data for structure detection. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of Sampling Adequacy is a statistic that indicates the proportion of variance in your variables that might be caused by underlying factors.

**What is KMO in PCA?**

The first one is the KMO (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin) measure, which measures the proportion of variance among the variables that can be derived from the common variance, also called systematic variance.

### What is KMO MSA?

KMO statistic, also called the measure of sampling adequacy (MSA), indicates whether the correlations between variables can be explained by other variables in the dataset.

### How can I raise my KMO value?

You can increase the value of KMO by removibg the items which have low factor loading (less than . o5). Yes, the sample size is 30.

**Why KMO test is used?**

A Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test is used in research to determine the sampling adequacy of data that are to be used for Factor Analysis. Social scientists often use Factor Analysis to ensure that the variables they have used to measure a particular concept are measuring the concept intended.

#### What is MSA in factor analysis?

The MSA is a single value that is used to assess the adequacy of the inter-correlations of a set of variables and each variable for an EFA. As insufficient inter-correlations among variables can lead to unusable EFA results, it is good practice to obtain the MSA to assess sampling adequacy prior to performing an EFA.

#### What is the P-value in Bartlett test?

The P-value is the probability of seeing a test statistic more extreme (bigger) than the observed T statistic from Step 4. It turns out that the test statistic (T) is distributed much like a chi-square statistic with ( k-1 ) degrees of freedom.

**Why is Bartlett test used?**

Bartlett’s test for homogeneity of variances is used to test that variances are equal for all samples. It checks that the assumption of equal variances is true before running certain statistical tests like the One-Way ANOVA. It’s used when you’re fairly certain your data comes from a normal distribution.

## How do you interpret the Bartlett p-value?

When the P-Value is bigger than the significance level, we cannot reject the null hypothesis. When it is smaller, we cannot accept the null hypothesis. Here, the P-Value (0.06) is bigger than the significance level (0.05), so we cannot reject the null hypothesis that the data tested follows a normal distribution.

## What is a significant Bartlett test?

Bartlett’s test (Snedecor and Cochran, 1983) is used to test if k samples have equal variances. Equal variances across samples is called homogeneity of variances. Some statistical tests, for example the analysis of variance, assume that variances are equal across groups or samples.