## What are the units of heating value?

The heating values for gaseous fuels in units of Btu/lb are calculated based on the heating values in units of Btu/scf and the corresponding fuel density values. The heating values for liquid fuels in units of Btu/lb are calculated based on heating values in unit of Btu/gal and the corresponding fuels density values.

What is high heating value?

Higher Heating Value: A measure of heat content based on the gross energy content of a combustible fuel. Also known as “upper heating value.”

What is the value of air?

Here, the value of K for air is 1.4. In some other instances, K stands for Coulomb’s Constant, whose value is well accepted to be approximately 8.99 x 109 N in air.

### Should I use HHV or LHV?

When advanced combustion units having secondary or tertiary condensers are designed, the appropriate fuel value to use in the design process is the HHV. 4. The numerical value of HHV is always greater than or equal to the LHV.

What does heat value indicate?

Heating value is the amount of heat obtained when fuel or some other substance of a specific unit quantity is combusted. There are two types of heating values: The lower heating value (net) is the difference between combustion and latent heat of vaporization of the water vapors formed from combustion.

How do I lower my heating value?

Lower heating value (LHV) is obtained when water formed by combustion exists completely in vapour phase. Higher heating value (HHV) is obtained when water formed by combustion is completely condensed. Heating value has units, kJ/kg. If a fuel contains hydrogen, water will be formed as one of the products of combustion.

## What is the difference between higher and lower heating values?

Note: Higher heating value (HHV) is calculated with the product of water being in liquid form while lower heating value (LHV) is calculated with the product of water being in vapor form.

What is the specific heat of air in Celsius?

Table of specific heat capacities

Substance Phase Isobaric volumetric heat capacity CP,v J⋅cm−3⋅K−1
Air (Sea level, dry, 0 °C (273.15 K)) gas 0.001297
Air (typical room conditionsA) gas 0.00121
Aluminium solid 2.422

Why is LHV used instead of HHV?

We refer to HHV when liquid water exists in the combustion products and LHV when water vapor exists in the combustion products. Numerically the difference between the two values is the latent heat of vaporization times the mass of water produced by the combustion process.

### Why is the lower heating value important?

The lower heating value (LHV) or higher heating value (HHV) of a gas is an important consideration when selecting a gas engine or CHP plant. Gas engines efficiency is typically quoted based upon the LHV of the gas. Whenever a hydrocarbon fuel is burned one product of combustion is water.

What is heating value?

What Does Heating Value Mean? Heating value is the amount of heat obtained when fuel or some other substance of a specific unit quantity is combusted. There are two types of heating values:

What are the heating values of a fuel used for?

The heating values of a fuel are mostly used to determine the fuel consumption of an engine or a machine. Other applications include calculations for overall energy efficiency of a system and analyzing cost-effectiveness of a combined heat and power plant.

## What is a high Gross heating value?

Gross (or high, upper) Heating Value. The gross or high heating value is the amount of heat produced by the complete combustion of a unit quantity of fuel. The gross heating value is obtained when. all products of the combustion are cooled down to the temperature before the combustion.

What is the lower heating value (net)?

The lower heating value (net) is the difference between combustion and latent heat of vaporization of the water vapors formed from combustion.