What are the major differences between surface water pollution and groundwater pollution?
Each source of water has a unique set of contaminants; groundwater stores pesticide chemicals and nitrate while surface water contains most bacteria and other microorganisms. Because of the interconnectedness of groundwater and surface water, these contaminants may be shared between the two sources.
What is surface and groundwater?
Water that seeps deep into the ground is called groundwater. Surface water and groundwater are reservoirs that can feed into each other. While surface water can seep underground to become groundwater, groundwater can resurface on land to replenish surface water. Springs are formed in these locations.
What is the difference between surface water and groundwater quizlet?
Surface water is all water above the land, including lakes, rivers, streams, ponds, floodwater, and runoff. Ground water is the water beneath the surface of the earth, consisting largely of surface water that has seeped down: the source of water in springs and wells.
What is the difference between surface water resources and groundwater resources state two advantage of each?
surface water resources means water on the surface of the earth like river, pond, lake, etc. 1)it can be used for producing hydroelectricity. 2)it can be used for irrigation in field. Ground water resources means the water found in the underground of earth surface, in the cracks, sand and soil, etc.
What is the relationship between groundwater and surface water?
Surface water seeps into the ground and recharges the underlying aquifer—groundwater discharges to the surface and supplies the stream with baseflow. USGS Integrated Watershed Studies assess these exchanges and their effect on surface-water and groundwater quality and quantity.
What is the relationship between surface water and groundwater?
Why do groundwater and surface water have different contaminants?
Surface water could have different contaminants because it can be exposed to things like nitrogen/phosphorus and can be exposed to sprays like pesticides and herbicides, while groundwater cannot be touched by these things because it is covered up underground.
What’s the difference and similarities between surface and groundwater?
Surface water is the water that is available on land in the form of rivers, ocean, seas, lakes and ponds. Groundwater is the underground water that seeps into the soil and is located in large aquifers under the ground. This water can be accessed by digging wells and using motors.
What are the different types of surface and groundwater sources?
of Ground Water and Surface Water The water on the Earth’s surface—surface water—occurs as streams, lakes, and wetlands, as well as bays and oceans. Surface water also includes the solid forms of water— snow and ice. The water below the surface of the Earth primarily is ground water, but it also includes soil water.
Is groundwater the same as surface water?
Water can occur on two forms on Earth as groundwater and surface water. The main difference between groundwater and surface water is that groundwater is beneath the Earth’s surface, whereas surface water is on the top of Earth’s crust. 1. “What Is Ground Water .”
How does groundwater interact with surface water?
Water and the chemicals it contains are constantly being exchanged between the land surface and the subsurface. Surface water seeps into the ground and recharges the underlying aquifer—groundwater discharges to the surface and supplies the stream with baseflow.
What are some facts about groundwater?
The top of the subsurface ground-water body,the water table,is a surface,generally below the land surface,that fluctuates seasonally and from year to year in response to changes
What is the quality of groundwater?
While surface water quality varies due to erosion, runoff, pollution, plant matter, animal waste and other possible contaminants, groundwater quality is generally more stable. And because it usually moves slowly through rock, groundwater is filtered of many contaminants, including some bacteria and viruses.