What are refugees under unhcr mandate?

What are refugees under unhcr mandate?

Persons who are outside their country of origin and recognised as refugees by governments which have signed the various UN or regional instruments relating to the status of refugees; or persons recognised by UNHCR, according to the definition contained in its Statute. The latter are known as “mandate refugees”.

What is the official definition of a refugee?

The 1951 Refugee Convention is a key legal document and defines a refugee as: “someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.”

What are the conditions on the basis of which a person is declared as a refugee?

A person can only be a refugee if he/she is outside his/her country of nationality, or for those who are stateless, outside their country of habitual residence.

Is UNHCR mandate still achievable?

Since 2003, the mandate has been permanent (UN GA Res. 58/153). Bound by legal instruments and UN resolutions, the mandate is ‘non-transferable’.

What is the mandate of unrwa?

UNRWA has a humanitarian and development mandate to provide assistance and protection to Palestine refugees pending a just and lasting solution to their plight. UNRWA derives its mandate from the UN General Assembly, the Agency’s parent organ, and it is only the General Assembly that can define the UNRWA mandate.

What does mandatory detention mean?

Mandatory detention may constitute a penalty for illegal entry, given that detention is not justified in the circumstances of each individual detained, and is directed at asylum seekers who arrive without a visa.

What is difference between refugee and asylum seeker?

Definition: An asylum seeker is someone who claims to be a refugee but whose claim hasn’t been evaluated.

What does UNRWA mean?

Document Sources: United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)

What is the role of UNRWA?

UNRWA is created by General Assembly resolution 302 (IV), with the initial mandate to provide “direct relief and works programmes” to Palestine refugees, in order to “prevent conditions of starvation and distress… and to further conditions of peace and stability”.

Is it legal to detain asylum seekers?

Indefinite detention of asylum seekers is permitted in the United States and it is not unusual for them to be detained for two or more years pending a final decision in their cases. Many refugees have been living in closed camps for extended periods.

What is Section 236 of the immigration and Nationality Act?

INA § 236(a) permits an immigration officer, at any time during removal proceedings, to determine whether an arrested alien should remain in custody or be released. If the alien is arrested without an administrative warrant, the custody decision generally must be made within 48 hours.

What is the legal definition of a refugee?

Article 1A (1) of the 1951 Convention applies the term ‘refugee’, first, to any person considered a refugee under earlier international arrangements. Then, Article 1A (2), read now together with the 1967 Protocol and without time or geographical limits, offers a general definition of the refugee as including any person who is outside their count…

What does it mean to have a mandate?

the authority to do something, given to a government or other organization by the people who vote for it in an election It is undemocratic to govern an area without an electoral mandate. mandate to do something The election victory gave the party a clear mandate to continue its programme of reform.

Who qualifies as a refugee?

Also to be accepted as refugees are those compelled to flee owing to external aggression, occupation, foreign domination, or events seriously disturbing public order.

What is the International Law of Refugee Protection?

This chapter examines the international law of refugee protection, focusing on the legal tools, treaties, and national laws which prescribe or implement the obligations of states to refugees, as well as the core protection functions and responsibilities of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).